National War Memorial Located in St. John's, Newfoundland
The National War Memorial was unveiled and dedicated on July 1, 1924,
at the east end of Water Street. The Great War Veterans' Association and
the Newfoundland Patriotic Association launched the campaign to have it
established. They developed a committee to establish the design and
undertake the fund-raising to pay for the proposed memorial.
The design was for a semi-circular, graduated plateau rising from the
entrance stairway on Water Street to the cenotaph on Duckworth Street.
Sidney Pierce and Ernest Churchill, both local contractors and veterans,
prepared the concrete and laid the foundation.
The five figures were designed by two English sculptors, F.V. Blundstone
(top and sides) and Gilbert Bayes (front), and were cast in bronze by
E.J. Parlanti from London, England. These figures represent
Newfoundland's involvement in the war.
From the sides of the central pedestal, two wings of granite protrude.
On the west wing, representing the Newfoundlanders who joined the Royal
Naval Reserve, is a sailor holding a spyglass.
On the east wing, representing the men of the Royal Newfoundland
Regiment, is a soldier in full battle gear, loading his rifle, searching
the horizon for the enemy.
Out in front, on the lower pedestal, are fishermen in oil skins and
rubber boots, and a lumberman with his axe slung over his shoulder,
symbolizing the Newfoundlanders who served with the Merchant Marine and
the Forestry Corps. Over their heads is a granite cross symbolizing the
sacred nature of the war memorial. Below, is a bronze plaque stating that
the memorial was erected by "a grateful people to honour its war dead".
Similar plaques were added on both sides of the pedestal to commemorate
the Newfoundlanders who died in World War II and in the Korean War.
Field Marshall, the Earl Haig, for Commander-in-Chief of British
forces during the war, was invited to perform the honour of unveiling the
memorial. He was joined by Governor William Allardyce, Prime Minister
Walter S. Monroe, representatives of the churches, judiciary, political,
military and diplomatic corps, Newfoundland veterans and thousands of
A picture of the St. John's National War Memorial taken in the 1940's.
Click on the picture for a larger view.